Times Higher Education’s World University Rankings 2016-2017 ranked 980 institutions of higher educations from 79 countries, making it the magazine’s most comprehensive compilation to date.
Phil Baty, editor of the Times Higher Education’s World University Rankings, said this year’s expanded list was testament to just how competitive global higher education had become.
This year’s No. 1 ranking went to the University of Oxford in the UK, with the U.S. losing its foothold in the top spot for the first time in the 13-year history of the rankings.
The University of Oxford knocked five-time leader California Institute of Technology into second place.
Despite the blow to the U.S., Baty said that the country still dominated the overall rankings, with 148 American schools among the top 980 — 146 U.S. schools made the top 800, about the same as the figure a year ago.
But Baty warned the U.S. education sector to watch out for Asian institutions’ continuing ascent.
In the Asia region, 290 universities from 24 countries made the ranking, and 19 landed in the top 200.
Asia remains the “higher education superpower,” Baty said, noting the prowess of universities from Hong Kong, South Korea and China.
Two institutions joined the top 100 for the first time, while another four made the top 200.
China’s Peking University was ranked 29th, up from 42nd last year, and Tsinghua University made 35th place, up from 47th.
Asia’s leading institution, the National University of Singapore, stood at 24th to mark its highest-ever performance.
It is also worth noting that India, which is outside the dominant East Asian region, claimed 31 spots on the list.
India’s top university, the Indian Institute of Science, edged closer to the top 200 to reach its higher level yet.
“It is encouraging that so many of the developing nations in the ranking aspire to follow in Asia’s footsteps and to build premier universities that can compete with the very best in the world,” Baty said.
Among European countries, Germany performed well with 22 institutions in the top 200, nine of which were in the top 100.
But other European countries lost ground: A third of France’s 27 universities fell off the rankings, while half of Italy’s 39 institutions slipped.
Ten new countries have been included in this year’s ranking: Algeria, Bulgaria, Costa Rica, Croatia, Georgia, Kuwait, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Tunisia and Venezuela.
Times Higher Education said that for the first time, more than 500,000 books and book chapters — along with 11.9 million research papers and 56 million citations — were analyzed as part of its examination of institutions’ research excellence.
This inclusion of book material means that arts and humanities research, which tends to be published in books as opposed to in journals, is better represented in this year’s rankings, according to the magazine.
Article source: http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/national/national-news/2016/09/22/479103/NTU-drops.htm